DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature on TRPA1

TRPA1 [ENSP00000262209]

Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily A, member 1; Receptor-activated non-selective cation channel involved in detection of pain and possibly also in cold perception and inner ear function. Has a central role in the pain response to endogenous inflammatory mediators and to a diverse array of volatile irritants, such as mustard oil, cinnamaldehyde, garlic and acrolein, an irritant from tears gas and vehicule exhaust fumes. Is also activated by menthol (in vitro). Acts also as a ionotropic cannabinoid receptor by being activated by delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana. May be a component for the mechanosensitive transduction channel of hair cells in inner ear, thereby participating in the perception of sounds. Probably operated by a phosphatidylinositol second messenger system (By similarity); Belongs to the transient receptor (TC 1.A.4) family.

Synonyms:  TRPA1,  TRPA1p,  hTRPA1,  H0YAW0,  O75762 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos