DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature on HCAR2

HCAR2 [ENSP00000375066]

Hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2; Acts as a high affinity receptor for both nicotinic acid (also known as niacin) and (D)-beta-hydroxybutyrate and mediates increased adiponectin secretion and decreased lipolysis through G(i)-protein-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. This pharmacological effect requires nicotinic acid doses that are much higher than those provided by a normal diet. Mediates nicotinic acid-induced apoptosis in mature neutrophils. Receptor activation by nicotinic acid results in reduced cAMP levels which may affect activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A and phosphorylation of target proteins, leading to neutrophil apoptosis. The rank order of potency for the displacement of nicotinic acid binding is 5- methyl pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid = pyridine-3-acetic acid > acifran > 5-methyl nicotinic acid = acipimox >> nicotinuric acid = nicotinamide; Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.

Synonyms:  HCAR2,  HCAR2p,  hHCAR2,  Q8TDS4,  GPR109A ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos