Literature associating FTO and acquired metabolic disease
Alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase FTO; Dioxygenase that repairs alkylated DNA and RNA by oxidative demethylation. Has highest activity towards single- stranded RNA containing 3-methyluracil, followed by single- stranded DNA containing 3-methylthymine. Has low demethylase activity towards single-stranded DNA containing 1-methyladenine or 3-methylcytosine. Specifically demethylates N(6)-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA, the most prevalent internal modification of messenger RNA (mRNA) in higher eukaryotes. Has no activity towards 1- methylguanine. Has no detectable activity towards double-stranded DNA. Requires molecular oxygen, alpha-ketoglutarate and iron. Contributes to the regulation of the global metabolic rate, energy expenditure and energy homeostasis. Contributes to the regulation of body size and body fat accumulation. In particular, it is involved in the regulation of thermogenesis and the control of adipocyte differentiation into brown or white fat cells; Alkylation repair homologs
Synonyms: FTO, B4DHN4, F8WCB8, Q9C0B1, X6R3I0 ...