DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature associating APOBEC3G and brain stem infarction

APOBEC3G [ENSP00000385057]

Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G; DNA deaminase (cytidine deaminase) which acts as an inhibitor of retrovirus replication and retrotransposon mobility via deaminase-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Exhibits potent antiviral activity against vif-deficient HIV-1. After the penetration of retroviral nucleocapsids into target cells of infection and the initiation of reverse transcription, it can induce the conversion of cytosine to uracil in the minus-sense single-strand viral DNA, leading to G-to-A hypermutations in the subsequent plus-strand viral DNA. The resultant detrimental levels of mutations in the proviral genome, along with a deamination- independent mechanism that works prior to the proviral integration, together exert efficient antiretroviral effects in infected target cells. Selectively targets single-stranded DNA and does not deaminate double-stranded DNA or single-or double- stranded RNA. Exhibits antiviral activity also against simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs), hepatitis B virus (HBV), equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV), xenotropic MuLV-related virus (XMRV) and simian foamy virus (SFV). May inhibit the mobility of LTR and non-LTR retrotransposons; Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic subunits

Synonyms:  APOBEC3G,  B2LYL6,  Q9HC16,  B2LYL6p,  hB2LYL6 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt