Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature associating HLA-A and malaria

HLA-A [ENSP00000379873]

HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A alpha chain; Antigen-presenting major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) molecule. In complex with B2M/beta 2 microglobulin displays primarily viral and tumor-derived peptides on antigen-presenting cells for recognition by alpha-beta T cell receptor (TCR) on HLA-A-restricted CD8-positive T cells, guiding antigen-specific T cell immune response to eliminate infected or transformed cells (PubMed:2456340, PubMed:2784196, PubMed:1402688, PubMed:7504010, PubMed:9862734, PubMed:10449296, PubMed:12138174, PubMed:12393434, PubMed:15893615, PubMed:17189421, PubMed:19543285, PubMed:21498667, PubMed:24192765, PubMed:7694806, PubMed:24395804, PubMed:28250417). May also present self-peptides derived from the signal sequence of secreted or membrane proteins, although T cells specific for these peptides are usually inactivated to prevent autoreactivity (PubMed:25880248, PubMed:7506728, PubMed:7679507). Both the peptide and the MHC molecule are recognized by TCR, the peptide is responsible for the fine specificity of antigen recognition and MHC residues account for the MHC restriction of T cells . Typically presents intracellular peptide antigens of 8 to 13 amino acids that arise from cytosolic proteolysis via IFNG-induced immunoproteasome or via endopeptidase IDE/insulin-degrading enzyme (PubMed:17189421, PubMed:20364150, PubMed:17079320, PubMed:26929325, PubMed:27049119). Can bind different peptides containing allele- specific binding motifs, which are mainly defined by anchor residues at position 2 and 9 . ECO:0000269|PubMed:12393434, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12796775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1402688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15893615, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17079320, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17189421, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18275829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19542454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19543285, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20364150, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21498667, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24192765, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24395804, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2456340, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25880248, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26929325, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27049119, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2784196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28250417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7504010, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7506728, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7679507, Allele A*02:01: A major allele in human populations, presents immunodominant viral epitopes derived from IAV M/matrix protein 1 (GILGFVFTL), HIV-1 env (TLTSCNTSV), HIV-1 gag-pol (ILKEPVHGV), HTLV-1 Tax (LLFGYPVYV), HBV C/core antigen (FLPSDFFPS), HCMV UL83/pp65 (NLVPMVATV) as well as tumor peptide antigens including MAGEA4 (GVYDGREHTV), WT1 (RMFPNAPYL) and CTAG1A/NY-ESO-1 (SLLMWITQC), all having in common hydrophobic amino acids at position 2 and at the C- terminal anchors. ECO:0000269|PubMed:12138174, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12796775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17079320, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18275829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19542454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20619457, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22245737, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26929325, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2784196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28250417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7694806, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7935798, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8630735, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8805302, Allele A*11:01: Presents several immunodominant epitopes derived from HIV-1 gag-pol and HHV-4 EBNA4, containing the peptide motif with Val, Ile, Thr, Leu, Tyr or Phe at position 2 and Lys anchor residue at the C-terminus. Important in the control of HIV-1, EBV and HBV infections. Allele A*24:02: Presents viral epitopes derived from HIV-1 nef (RYPLTFGWCF), EBV lytic- and latent-cycle antigens BRLF1 (TYPVLEEMF), BMLF1 (DYNFVKQLF) and LMP2 (IYVLVMLVL), SARS-CoV nucleocapsid/N (QFKDNVILL), as well as tumor peptide antigens including PRAME (LYVDSLFFL), all sharing a common signature motif, namely an aromatic residue Tyr or Phe at position 2 and a nonhydrophobic anchor residue Phe, Leu or Iso at the C-terminus (PubMed:9047241, PubMed:12393434, PubMed:24192765, PubMed:20844028). Interacts with natural killer (NK) cell receptor KIR3DL1 and may contribute to functional maturation of NK cells and self-nonself discrimination during innate immune response . ECO:0000269|PubMed:18502829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20844028, Allele A*29:02: Presents peptides having a common motif, namely a Glu residue at position 2 and Tyr or Leu anchor residues at the C-terminus. Allele A*68:01: Presents viral epitopes derived from IAV NP (KTGGPIYKR) and HIV-1 tat (ITKGLGISYGR), having a common signature motif namely, Val or Thr at position 2 and positively charged residues Arg or Lys at the C-terminal anchor.

Synonyms:  HLA-A,  A0A1W2PS24,  B1PKY1,  P04439,  P13746 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt