DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature associating POLH and skin cancer

POLH [ENSP00000361310]

Xeroderma pigmentosum variant type protein; DNA polymerase specifically involved in the DNA repair by translesion synthesis (TLS). Due to low processivity on both damaged and normal DNA, cooperates with the heterotetrameric (REV3L, REV7, POLD2 and POLD3) POLZ complex for complete bypass of DNA lesions. Inserts one or 2 nucleotide(s) opposite the lesion, the primer is further extended by the tetrameric POLZ complex. In the case of 1,2-intrastrand d(GpG)-cisplatin cross-link, inserts dCTP opposite the 3' guanine. Particularly important for the repair of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers. Although inserts the correct base, may cause base transitions and transversions depending upon the context. May play a role in hypermutation at immunoglobulin genes. Forms a Schiff base with 5'- deoxyribose phosphate at abasic sites, but does not have any lyase activity, preventing the release of the 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) residue. This covalent trapping of the enzyme by the 5'- dRP residue inhibits its DNA synthetic activity during base excision repair, thereby avoiding high incidence of mutagenesis. Targets POLI to replication foci.

Synonyms:  POLH,  A0A024RD62,  B3KN75,  B4DG64,  Q5JTF2 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt  OMIM