Literature associating MICU1 and autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia
Calcium-binding atopy-related autoantigen 1; Key regulator of mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) that senses calcium level via its EF-hand domains. MICU1 and MICU2 form a disulfide-linked heterodimer that stimulates and inhibits MCU activity, depending on the concentration of calcium. MICU1 acts both as an activator or inhibitor of mitochondrial calcium uptake. Acts as a gatekeeper of MCU at low concentration of calcium, preventing channel opening. Enhances MCU opening at high calcium concentration, allowing a rapid response of mitochondria to calcium signals generated in the cytoplasm. Regulates glucose-dependent insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells by regulating mitochondrial calcium uptake. Induces T-helper 1-mediated autoreactivity, which is accompanied by the release of IFNG.
Synonyms: MICU1, MICU1p, hMICU1, MICU1-002, MICU1-003 ...