DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Literature associating OAS3 and tick-borne encephalitis

OAS3 [ENSP00000228928]

2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase 3, 100kDa; Interferon-induced, dsRNA-activated antiviral enzyme which plays a critical role in cellular innate antiviral response. In addition, it may also play a role in other cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell growth, differentiation and gene regulation. Synthesizes preferentially dimers of 2'-5'- oligoadenylates (2-5A) from ATP which then bind to the inactive monomeric form of ribonuclease L (RNase L) leading to its dimerization and subsequent activation. Activation of RNase L leads to degradation of cellular as well as viral RNA, resulting in the inhibition of protein synthesis, thus terminating viral replication. Can mediate the antiviral effect via the classical RNase L-dependent pathway or an alternative antiviral pathway independent of RNase L. Displays antiviral activity against Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus, Sindbis virus (SINV) and Semliki forest virus (SFV).

Synonyms:  OAS3,  OAS3p,  hOAS3,  F8VS35,  F8VWK9 ...

Linkouts:  STRING  Pharos  UniProt  OMIM