DISEASES

Disease-gene associations mined from literature

Human genes for respiratory failure

Respiratory failure [DOID:11162]

The term respiratory failure, in medicine, is used to describe inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, with the result that arterial oxygen and/or carbon dioxide levels cannot be maintained within their normal ranges. A drop in blood oxygenation is known as hypoxemia; a rise in arterial carbon dioxide levels is called hypercapnia. The normal reference values are: oxygen PaO2 greater than 80 mmHg (11 kPa), and carbon dioxide PaCO2 less than 45 mmHg (6.0 kPa). Classification into type I or type II relates to the absence or presence of hypercapnia respectively.

Synonyms:  respiratory failure,  DOID:11162,  acute and chronic respiratory failure,  acute on chronic respiratory failure,  acute respiratory Failure ...